Ballymena Population 2024

The population of Ballymena is 31,205 people. This makes it the seventh largest town in Northern Ireland by population.

Ballymena’s history dates back centuries. Its central location within County Antrim made it a hub for trade, agriculture, and community life. The town’s name, an Baile Me├ínach in Irish Gaelic, translates to “the middle townland.”

This article explores the population and demographics of Ballymena.

Ballymena population growth

The table below shows how Ballymena’s population has grown since 1821.

Census YearPopulation
A table listing the population of Ballymena since 1821.

Here is the same data as a chart:

A chart showing population growth in Ballymena since 1821.

Medieval and Early Modern Periods

  1. Medieval Era: During the medieval period, Ballymena was a small village, sustained by farming, weaving, and local craftsmanship. Its population consisted of a close-knit community of families.
  2. Industrial Revolution: The 18th and 19th centuries witnessed significant changes. The Industrial Revolution brought textile mills, ironworks, and other industries to Ballymena. The town’s population surged as workers flocked to these burgeoning factories.

Population Milestones

  1. 1800s: By the mid-19th century, Ballymena’s population had surpassed 10,000, fueled by industrial growth and improved transportation links. The railway connected Ballymena to Belfast, opening up new opportunities.
  2. 20th Century: The 20th century saw continued expansion. The town’s population reached 20,000 by the early 1900s. World Wars, economic shifts, and social changes influenced demographics.
  3. Post-War Boom: After World War II, Ballymena experienced a post-war boom. New housing estates emerged, accommodating returning soldiers and their families. The population surged past 30,000.
  4. Recent Trends: In recent decades, Ballymena’s population growth has been steady. Urbanization, educational institutions, and healthcare facilities have contributed to its allure. As of the 2021 Census, the town stands at 31,205 residents.

Gender Distribution

  • Females: Ballymena was home to 967,000 females in 2021.
  • Males: The male population numbered 936,000 during the same period.

Households and Living Arrangements

  • The number of households in Ballymena reached 768,810.
  • Families, single individuals, and shared accommodations contribute to the diverse fabric of Ballymena’s residential landscape.

Age Structure

Ballymena’s age distribution reflects a mix of generations:

  1. Children and Youth: The town hosts a vibrant young population, with schools, parks, and recreational facilities catering to their needs.
  2. Working-Age Adults: The majority fall into this category, contributing to the local economy through various professions.
  3. Elderly Residents: Ballymena also provides a supportive environment for its senior citizens.

Ethnicity and Cultural Diversity

Ballymena’s population is predominantly of White ethnicity, reflecting the historical context of Northern Ireland. However, the town has seen an increase in cultural diversity in recent years.

The table below summarises the ethnic composition of Ballymena, Northern Ireland, based on data from the 2021 Census:

Ethnic GroupPercentage of Population
– White: Irish93.8%
– White: English, Scottish, Northern Irish, or British90.6%
Asian or Asian British0.7%
Black or Black British0.2%
Mixed or Multiple Ethnic Groups0.5%
Other Ethnic Groups0.3%
Ethnicity data for Ballymena from the 2021 census


Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) – Census 2021.

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