The population of Birmingham is 1,111,307.
This makes Birmingham the largest city in the West Midlands and the second largest city in the UK after London.
The city of Birmingham is also the 28th largest city in Europe, and the 17th largest city in the European Union.
Birmingham’s population passed 1 million in 2005, when the population was recorded as 1,001,200. This followed a brief period of population decline in Birmingham in the late 1990s and early 21st-century.
This event in 2005 marked the third time that the population of Birmingham went over 1 million people. The city’s population briefly went over 1 million in the 1930s, and then again between the late 1940s and 1996.
The wider Birmingham Metropolitan area is home to 3.8 million people, which is 5.8% of the entire UK population, and is larger than the population of Wales. It is the second largest metropolitan area in the UK, and the ninth largest in Europe. Major cities and towns in the Birmingham metropolitan area include Wolverhampton ( population: 252,987), Solihull (population: 206,701) and Walsall (population 67,594).
As well as being the United Kingdom’s second city, Birmingham, England is also the largest local authority area outside of London.
Note: There is also a city in the United States called Birmingham. The city of Birmingham, Alabama is home to 212,237 people.
Population Growth in Birmingham
Birmingham was a fairly small market town for much of its history, but it grew rapidly during the industrial revolution. Between 1801 and 1901, Birmingham’s population grew from 73,670 to 522,204.
Growth continued even more rapidly during the first few decades of the 20th century. Between 1901 and 1931, Birmingham’s population almost doubled – from 522,204 in 1901 to 1 million in 2603 in 1931.
By the next census in 2021, the population of Birmingham is predicted to increase to 1,160,100.
Ethnicity in Birmingham
Birmingham is more ethnically diverse than most British cities. Over one third of people in Birmingham are non-whites, a larger proportion than any other major city in the UK (note: some smaller cities and towns do have a slightly higher percentage of non white population).
According to the 2011 census 57.9% of people in Birmingham are White. Asian and Asian British people make up the next largest group, with 26.6% of the population. They are followed by Black or Black British (9.0%), mixed (4.4%), and Other, including Arab (2.0%).
Almost one in four people (238,313) living in Birmingham were born outside of the United Kingdom.
Religion in Birmingham
Christianity is the largest religion in Birmingham, followed by Islam.
Data from the 2011 census shows that 46.1% of people were Christian, 21.8% were Muslim, and 19.3% reported that they had no religion.
The only other religious groups that make up more than 1% of the population in Birmingham are Sikh (3.0%) and Hindu (2.1%). A further 6.5% of respondents did not state their religion in the census.
Our article about religion in the UK as a whole gives more detail for comparison.
Birmingham Population Density
The city of Birmingham covers an area of 103.39 mi², or 267.77 km². Based on its 2014 population of 1,101,360, Birmingham’s population density is 10,620 people per square mile, or 4102 people per square kilometre.